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辉煌发展60年(之十九)
2018-10-23 11:37     (点击: )

辉煌发展60年(之十九).jpeg

青海盐湖60周年

                    凝心聚力,跋涉中国钾肥新坦途

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SUHUASHUO:“HUOCHEPAODEKUAIYAOKAOCHETOUDAI”。ZUOWEIZHONGGUOJIAYANJIAFEIXINGYEZUZHIDELINGTOUYANGYIJIYANHUGUFENGONGSIDEZHANGMENREN,SHIRUHEDINGWEIYANHUGUFENGONGSIDEXINGYEZERENNI?JINRI,《ZHONGGUONONGZI》JIZHEYUZHONGGUOWUJIYANGONGYEXIEHUIJIAYANJIAFEIXINGYEFENHUILISHIZHANG、QINGHAIYANHUGONGYEGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIDONGSHIZHANGWANGXINGFUZAICIJINXINGLEDUIHUA。

《中国农资》记者:企业站位高,自然责任大。记得您曾多次谈到“国家粮食安全”问题,您是如何看待我国的粮食安全问题的?作为中国无机盐工业协会钾盐钾肥行业分会理事长、青海盐湖工业股份有限公司董事长,您认为行业在保障粮食安全方面可以做什么?企业又能如何贡献自己的一份力量?

王兴富:中国杂交水稻之父袁隆平以“这是一场输不起的战争”来形容今天中国粮食安全的紧迫性。我国建国以来,粮食总产量从不足1亿吨达到6亿多吨,化肥发挥了重要作用。联合国粮农组织资料显示,肥料对提高我国粮食生产能力的贡献率为45%-50%,其中钾肥的作用不可或缺。提高粮食产量就不可避免地要施用化肥(主要包括氮、磷、钾),科学使用肥料可以提高土壤肥力,促进作物的生长,提高产品品质,提升农业生产效率。

ZUOWEIZHENGGEXINGYEXIEHUILAISHUO,YAOJIJISHIYINGXINCHANGTAI、YINLINGXINCHANGTAI,TUCHUZHUAHAOJINGJIYUNXING、KEJICHUANGXIN、JIEGOUDIAOZHENG、ANQUANHUANBAO、GUOJIJIAOLIU、ZISHENJIANSHEDENGZHONGDIANGONGZUO;YAOSHIZHONGJIANCHISHUANGXIANGFUWUZONGZHI,ZUNXUNQUANGUOYIPANQIDESIXIANG,FAHUININGXINJULIDEZUOYONG,HUIYUANYUQIYEYAOYANGEZUNSHOUFAZHIHUASHICHANGHUAYUANZE,BAOTUANQUNUAN,GONGKESHIJIAN,JIADALUOHOUCHANNENGTAOTAILIDU,TUIDONGCHANYEBUJUYOUHUADIAOZHENG,SHISHIJISHUGAIZAOSHENGJI,DALISHISHILVSEFAZHAN,ZHAZHASHISHIZUOHAOJIAYANJIQIGONGBANSHENGZIYUANDESHENJIAGONG,BAOZHANGGUONEIJINGZHENGLI。

YANHUGUFENZUOWEIMINZUGONGYEQIYE,ZHIJINYIYINGLAIDI60GECHUNQIU,WOMENZAIZUOQIANGZUIYOUZUODAJIAFEICHANYEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANXINGZHE“RANGMEIYIGEZHONGGUORENZHENZHENGJIANGFANWANLAOLAODUANZAIZIJISHOUSHANG!”JINNIANLAI,YANHUGUFENGONGSIJIEZHUJISHUCHUANGXIN、ZIYUANLIYONGHEHUAGONGJISHUYOUSHI,SHIFEILIAOCHANYEZHUBUYOUYOUSHIZHUDAOPINZHIXIANGDUIJIEHUAGONGSHANGXIAYOUDEQUANJIAFEILIAOPINZHONGMAIJIN,ZUIDAHUADILIYONGZIYUANKAIFAJIAFEICHANPIN。WOMENZIZHUYANFALEGUANGLUSHISHUICAICHUAN、FANFUXUANLENGJIEJING、GUTIRONGJIEZHUANHUADENGDIANFUXINGJISHU,XINGCHENG500WANDUNLVHUAJIA、50WANDUNJIAJIAN、40WANDUNXIAOSUANJIA、7.2WANDUNTANSUANJIACHANNENG,JIANCHENGLEZHONGGUODEZUIDAJIAGONGYEJIDI;CHUANGLILEJIAZIYUAN“GUYEZHUANHUA、QUDONGKAICAI、PINFUJIANCAI、XUNHUANHUISHOU”DEDUTEKAIFAMOSHI,ZIYUANBAOZHANGYOU30NIANKAICAI100WANDUNTIGAODAO50NIANKAICAI500WANDUN,SHIXIANLEYANHUZAIZAO。

《中国农资》记者:农资行业经过多年的高速增长,已经进入全面整合的竞争阶段。近年来随着整体化肥市场行情的低迷,钾肥逐渐由卖方市场转变为买方市场,产业营销创新迫在眉睫。面对这些困难,您认为中国钾肥如何发展?在供给侧改革的浪潮中,您认为行业如何平稳、健康地发展?

王兴富:中国钾肥企业在科学规划和循环利用资源上的努力,是近年来行业发展一个亮点。我国可溶性钾盐矿查明资源量是10.05亿吨(折KCL),基础储量5.355亿吨,约占世界钾基础储量总量的5%,其中89%以上资源储量集中分布于青海柴达木盆地和新疆罗布泊盐湖,钾矿所在地地理位置偏僻,自然环境恶劣,配套开采条件差。钾盐资源以卤水钾矿为主,钾矿品位相对较低,因而生产成本相对较高。利用有限资源在最大程度上满足国内钾肥需求是中国钾肥人的宏愿,要实现这一目标,坚持科学规划、合理开采势在必行。

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ZHONGGUOJIAYANJIAFEIXINGYEDEFAZHANHAIXUYAOGUOJIAZHENGCEDEZHICHI,ZAICI,WOTICHUJIDIANJIANYI:JIANGYANHUXUNHUANJINGJINARUGUOJIAZHANLVE,ZHANGXIANXINCHANGTAIZANSHIXINGKUNJING;RONGRU“YIDAIYILU”,ZHICHIYANHUGUFEN“ZOUCHUQU”;SHELIYANHUXINCAILIAOYINGYONGZHONGDAYANJIUZHUANXIANG;TONGCHOUGUOCHANYUJIKOUJIAFEICHUBEI;XIEDIAOJIANLIGUOJIAYANHUMEICHUANGXINZHONGXIN;JIAQIANGDINGCENGSHEJI,JIANCHIGUIHUAYINLING,BUJUYANHUMEIJIDI,TUIJINXINNENGYUANZHICHIYANHUKAIFA,SHELIYANHUMEICAILIAOYINGYONGYANFAZHUANXIANG,CHUTAILVSEZHIZAOZHUANXIANGZHENGCE,ZHICHIYANHUDAIBIAOGUOJIAJIANSHEJINGWAIJIAFEIJIDIDENG。

《中国农资》记者:盐湖是青海最重要的资源也是国家的战略性资源,盐湖股份成立60年以来实现了我国钾肥工业的从无到有、从小到大、从弱到强的发展之路,未来将如何布局盐湖股份公司的发展?

王兴富:盐湖股份建成了我国最大、世界第四钾肥基地,大幅度地增强了进口钾肥贸易的话语权,使我国成为世界钾肥价格洼地。多年来同比印度、巴西等国家每吨钾肥产品低30美元-50美元,提升土壤氮磷钾比例,为我国农业增产作出巨大贡献。目前,盐湖股份的氯化钾年产能500万吨、尿素年产能66万吨、硝酸钾年产能40万吨。

YANHUGUFENLIZUYANHUFAZHANSHIJI,JIANGJIANCHIDINGCENGSHEJI,BAYANHUZIYUANDEKAIFALIYONGFANGZAIQUANGUODAJUZHONGQUMOUHUAQUTUIJIN,ZUOHAOZIYUAN、ZIBEN、ZICHAN、GUANLI、JISHU、JIZHI、DANGJIAN、SHICHANGDENGGEFANGMIANDEDINGCENGSHEJI,PEIYUGENGJUTESEDEYANHUJINGJI。WEILAIJIANGJINYIBUTONGCHOUHAOGUONEIWAILIANGZHONGZIYUAN、LIANGGESHICHANG,JIANCHICHANYEBAOGUODECHUXINBUHUIBIAN,LAOGUSHULI“SIGEYISHI”,ZHUDONGRONGRU“YIDAIYILU”,SHISHIJIAFEI“ZOUCHUQU”ZHANLVE,ZUOZHUANZUOJINGZUOYOUZUOQIANGZUODAJIAFEICHANYE,FAHUIDAITOUZUOYONG,WEIZHONGGUOLIANGSHIANQUANSHENGCHANZAIZUOXINGONGXIAN。

YOUXIANGGUANBUMENDEGAODUZHONGSHI,YOUKEYANJISHUDEYOULIZHICHENG、YOUYANHURENDEFENFATUQIANG,ZHONGGUODEJIAYANCHANYEZAIZHUIQIURUOBIANQIANGDEBUXIENULIZHONG,BIJIANGYINGLAIYIZHONGZHANXINDEJUMIAN。

                                                        ZHUANZI《ZHONGGUONONGZICHUANMEI》

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